There are three main major things that differentiate the Ibadism (a small sector in Islam with around 7 miilion followers) from Sunni and Wahhabism:
• Seeing God
• The merci on Muslim on judgment day
• Religion and politics
1.Seeing God The Ibadi school strongly denies that Muslims will be able to see God whether in this life or afterlife unlike the Sunni sector of Islam where its believed to be so. What can be seen has to be identified, by shape, by colour and by time and these characteristics do not apply to the creator.
قول الله: لاَّ تُدْرِكُهُ الاَبْصَارُ وَهُوَ يُدْرِكُ الاَبْصَارَ وَهُوَ اللَّطِيفُ الْخَبِيرُ. (سورة الأنعام: 103)
"Sight comprehend Him not, He comprehends all sights, And He is the Subtle Aware” Al An'am 103.
The Sunni relates to the below aya from the Quran showing evidence that The Lord will be seen by the few only on judgment day.
“Faces that day should be radiant, gazing upon the lord, all faces that day shall be scrawling” Al Qiyaama 22 - 24
Abadi also believes that the Quran is not eternal but was created, and sent down according to time and place unlike the Sunni school who believes that the Quran is eternal and its the word ‘God’, therefore it was not created.
“And for every term there is a book “Al Ra'd 38
2.Merci on Muslim on judgement day: The Ibadi school believe that some Muslim will not be pardon by either God, Prophets or Angels on judgment day. It all depends on the person's good deeds on Earth. Once this is measured you either enter heaven or hell forever. The Sunni believe otherwise. They believe that some Muslims can enter hell in limited time and then later on they will be allowed to enter heaven.
3.Religion and Politics: The Ibadi believe that religion and politics is one, and the ruler needs to be selected by the majority of the population and it is not inherited. This is the reason the school was formed during the Ummayad period rejecting that ruling the muslim can be inherited from father to son.
Oman is the only country in the world which follows the Ibadi School and this rule is not followed anywhere else. Oman has been ruled by the Al Sayyid Dynasty from 1744 i.e. for the last 300 years. You have to preach what you believe in as following blindly is a sin.
Small things like putting the arm in your side like what the Ibadi do or folding them or saying Ameen after Surah Al Fatiha or considering more than 17 km as travelling and the prayer can be grouped and shortened. Those are very minor and dont have implication on the muslim or Imaan.
The Ibadi strongly believe in reasoning rather than just following. Today even the Ibadi dont reason any more and so are the other schools in the Islamic world. We just follow tradition and whatever the ruler says and without any application of reasoning and consequence even, we strongly believe that this path is wrong.
Ibadi was named after Abdullah bin Ibaz who lived around 30 - 90 Hijri (650 - 710 AD). Bin Ibaz was born in Basra today Iraq and has no relationship to Oman where the Ibadi School is followed by at least 75% of the population. He objectited the inheritance of the Khilafa to Abdul Malik bin Marwan who was the second ruler in the Umayyad Dynasty.
Muslim today are in need of the Quran as prescribed by Mohammed piece be on him, and we are lost without it. We follow tradition rather than religion, we follow sunnism, ibadthism, shias and other hundred different schools however, we tend to not focus on what matters, and what matters at the end is the book, the Quran, the book from God.
جاء في صحيح مسلم من حديث جابر رضي الله عنه أنه قال في خطبة الوداع : وَقَدْ تَرَكْتُ فِيكُمْ مَا لَنْ تَضِلُّوا بَعْدَهُ إِنِ اعْتَصَمْتُمْ بِهِ ، كِتَابُ اللهِ ( رواه مسلم).
Which translates “I have left among you the book of God, and if you hold fast to it, you will never go astray.”
All these schools are politically driven, serving the ruling party and the influenced people.
All these schools were formed after the death of the Prophet, and it has nothing to do with the sunna or the Quran. We will be asked all of this if we question like Ibrahim, if we challenge just like Moses, and if we sacrifice our life to God just like Mariam. Are we ready? Are you ready? I hope so.
At Ziyyara we don't focus on one school. We focus on the basic i.e. the Quran and will let each student or each Muslim to decide the right path.